How Chris Ketter voted compared to someone who believes that the federal government should legalise the importation of pepper spray and encourage state governments to legalise carrying pepper spray - especially by women - to deter and defend against attacks

Division Chris Ketter Supporters vote Division outcome

13th Feb 2019, 4:38 PM – Senate Motions - Prevention of Violence Against Women - Pepper spray

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The majority voted against a motion introduced by NSW Senator David Leyonhjelm (Liberal Democratic Party), which means it failed.

Motion text

That the Senate—

(a) notes:

(i) recent violent crimes against numerous women,

(ii) that blame for these crimes rests with the perpetrators, not the victims,

(iii) that, despite all policy efforts and wishful thinking, there will always be some individual men in our community intent on violence against women,

(iv) that the first duty of government is to protect citizens from harm, but police cannot be everywhere at all times, so citizens must be allowed, if they choose, to deter and defend against attacks,

(v) that the innate ability of individuals to deter and defend against attacks varies, with women and the elderly generally more vulnerable,

(vi) that pepper spray can assist deterrence and self-defence, particularly for the vulnerable,

(vii) that the use of pepper spray is generally non-lethal and does not require prior training,

(viii) that pepper spray is unlikely to be used for criminal attacks, and

(ix) that, in most other countries, pepper sprays are not even regulated, let alone prohibited; and

(b) calls on the Australian Government to legalise the importation of pepper spray, subject to the state governments legalising the carrying of pepper spray, to deter and defend against attacks.

No Yes Not passed by a large majority

28th Jun 2018, 12:13 PM – Senate Motions - Prevention of Violence Against Women - Pepper spray, mace and tasers

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The majority voted against a motion encouraging state government to "to legalise and actively promote the carrying of pepper spray, mace and tasers by women". This means the motion failed.

It was introduced by Senator Fraser Anning (Qld).

Motion text

That the Senate—

(a) notes:

(i) the recent spate of horrific violent crimes against women,

(ii) that the first duty of government is to ensure that its innocent citizens are protected from harm,

(iii) that police cannot be everywhere at all times, so in order to ensure citizens are protected from harm, all citizens must have the absolute right to self-defence,

(iv) that the ability of individuals to defend themselves varies with the strength, age, fitness and skill of the individual, with women and the elderly generally more vulnerable,

(v) that vulnerable people need some form of defence against violent individuals of superior strength,

(vi) the non-lethal nature of pepper spray, mace and tasers and the fact that prior training or skill is not required to use them for self-defence, and

(vii) the ease, affordability and convenience of pepper spray, mace and tasers as a means of self-defence by women;

(b) accepts that access to a means of self-protection by women in particular would provide greatly increased security and confidence that they will not become just another assault, rape or murder statistic; and

(c) calls on the Australian Government:

(i) to allow the importation of pepper spray, mace and tasers for individual self-defence, and

(ii) to encourage state governments to legalise and actively promote the carrying of pepper spray, mace and tasers by women for political protection.

absent Yes Not passed by a large majority

How "voted strongly against" is worked out

The MP's votes count towards a weighted average where the most important votes get 50 points, less important votes get 10 points, and less important votes for which the MP was absent get 2 points. In important votes the MP gets awarded the full 50 points for voting the same as the policy, 0 points for voting against the policy, and 25 points for not voting. In less important votes, the MP gets 10 points for voting with the policy, 0 points for voting against, and 1 (out of 2) if absent.

Then, the number gets converted to a simple english language phrase based on the range of values it's within.

No of votes Points Out of
Most important votes (50 points)      
MP voted with policy 0 0 0
MP voted against policy 0 0 0
MP absent 0 0 0
Less important votes (10 points)      
MP voted with policy 0 0 0
MP voted against policy 1 0 10
Less important absentees (2 points)      
MP absent* 1 1 2
Total: 1 12

*Pressure of other work means MPs or Senators are not always available to vote – it does not always indicate they have abstained. Therefore, being absent on a less important vote makes a disproportionatly small difference.

Agreement score = MP's points / total points = 1 / 12 = 8.3%.

And then