How Ron Boswell voted compared to someone who believes that the federal government should introduce a carbon farming initiative that encourages the farming and timber industries to decrease carbon emissions or to increase carbon storage (known as carbon sequestration)

Division Ron Boswell Supporters vote Division outcome

22nd Aug 2011 – Senate Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative) Bill 2011 - In Committee - Agree to the bill

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The majority voted in favour of a motion "that the bill, as amended, be agreed to". This means that the majority agree with the bill and can now decide on whether to pass it in the Senate.(Read more about the stages that a bill must pass through to become law here. )

Background to the bill

The Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative) Bill 2011 was introduced as part of a package of three related bills to establish a voluntary carbon offset scheme, to be called the Carbon Farming Initiative.(The other two related bills were the Carbon Credits (Consequential Amendments) Bill 2011 and the Australian National Registry of Emissions Units Bill 2011. ) Introducing this scheme was a Government election commitment. The bills digest explains that the Initiative will be "a voluntary scheme that aims to provide incentives for the agricultural and forestry sectors to minimise carbon emissions or maximise carbon sequestration by altering their forestry and agricultural practices".

The bill's stated objectives are:

No Yes (strong) Passed by a small majority

22nd Aug 2011 – Senate Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative) Bill 2011 and related bills - Third Reading - Read a third time

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The majority voted in favour of a motion that the bills be read for a third time.(Read more about the stages that a bill must pass through to become law here. ) This means that the majority want to pass the bills and that they will now be sent back to the House of Representatives for them to consider the amendments made in the Senate.

Background to the bills

The three bills were introduced as a package to establish a voluntary carbon offset scheme, to be called the Carbon Farming Initiative.(The three related bills are the Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative) Bill 2011, the Carbon Credits (Consequential Amendments) Bill 2011 and the Australian National Registry of Emissions Units Bill 2011. ) Introducing this scheme was a Government election commitment. The Initiative will be "a voluntary scheme that aims to provide incentives for the agricultural and forestry sectors to minimise carbon emissions or maximise carbon sequestration by altering their forestry and agricultural practices".(Read more in the bills digest. ) The objectives of this scheme are:

No Yes (strong) Passed by a small majority

18th Aug 2011 – Senate Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative) Bill 2011 - In Committee - Greenhouse Friendly program

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The majority voted against an amendment introduced by Senator Simon Birmingham, which means that it was unsuccessful. The motion was:

(2) Clause 122, page 154 (after line 30), after subclause (3), insert:(3A) In the case of a project which was accredited under the Greenhouse Friendly program at the time that program was terminated—if a methodology determination is made on or before 30 June 2012, the determination may be expressed to have come into force at the start of 1 January 2008.

Senator Birmingham explained that this amendment would provide "continuity, certainty and hopefully mak[e] sure that projects that operate under Greenhouse Friendly can continue to operate under this new scheme".(Read Senator Birmingham's full explanation of his amendment and the associated debate here, after 1:21 pm. )

Background to the bill

The bill was introduced as part of a package of three related bills to establish a voluntary carbon offset scheme, to be called the Carbon Farming Initiative.(The other two related bills were the Carbon Credits (Consequential Amendments) Bill 2011 and the Australian National Registry of Emissions Units Bill 2011. ) Introducing this scheme was a Government election commitment. The bills digest explains that the Initiative will be "a voluntary scheme that aims to provide incentives for the agricultural and forestry sectors to minimise carbon emissions or maximise carbon sequestration by altering their forestry and agricultural practices".

The bill's stated objectives are:

Yes No Not passed by a small majority

6th Jul 2011 – Senate Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative) Bill 2011 - In Committee - Future act provisions and State/Territory minister consent

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The majority voted against amendments introduced by Senator Mathias Cormann also on behalf of Senators Simon Birmingham and Richard Colbeck. This means that it was rejected.

Senator Cormann explained that the amendments are designed to improve the legislation and rectify some of its shortcomings. They relate to the application of native title future act provisions and the consent of State or Territory minister.(See the amendments and the debate surrounding them here. )

Background to the bill

The Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative) Bill 2011 was introduced as part of a package of three related bills to establish a voluntary carbon offset scheme, to be called the Carbon Farming Initiative.(The other two related bills were the Carbon Credits (Consequential Amendments) Bill 2011 and the Australian National Registry of Emissions Units Bill 2011. ) Introducing this scheme was a Government election commitment. The bills digest explains that the Initiative will be "a voluntary scheme that aims to provide incentives for the agricultural and forestry sectors to minimise carbon emissions or maximise carbon sequestration by altering their forestry and agricultural practices".

The bill's stated objectives are:

Yes No Not passed by a small majority

6th Jul 2011 – Senate Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative) Bill 2011 - Second Reading - Consider further after 10 July 2011

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The majority voted against a motion introduced by Independent Senator Nick Xenophon, which means that it was rejected. The motion would have amended the original motion "That this bill be now read a second time" with the following: At the end of the motion, add: "and further consideration of the bill be an order of the day for the first sitting day after 10 July 2011."

Background to the bill

The Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative) Bill 2011 was introduced as part of a package of three related bills to establish a voluntary carbon offset scheme, to be called the Carbon Farming Initiative.(The other two related bills were the Carbon Credits (Consequential Amendments) Bill 2011 and the Australian National Registry of Emissions Units Bill 2011. ) Introducing this scheme was a Government election commitment. The bills digest explains that the Initiative will be "a voluntary scheme that aims to provide incentives for the agricultural and forestry sectors to minimise carbon emissions or maximise carbon sequestration by altering their forestry and agricultural practices".

The bill's stated objectives are:

Yes No Not passed by a small majority

6th Jul 2011 – Senate Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative) Bill 2011 - Second Reading - Consider further after regulations laid on the table

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The majority voted against a motion introduced by Senator Simon Birmingham, which means it was rejected. The motion would have amended the original motion "That this bill be now read a second time" with the following: At the end of the motion, add:"and further consideration of the bill be an order of the day for 3 sitting days after a draft of the final regulations relating to the bill is laid on the table".

Background to the bill

The Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative) Bill 2011 was introduced as part of a package of three related bills to establish a voluntary carbon offset scheme, to be called the Carbon Farming Initiative.(The other two related bills were the Carbon Credits (Consequential Amendments) Bill 2011 and the Australian National Registry of Emissions Units Bill 2011. ) Introducing this scheme was a Government election commitment. The bills digest explains that the Initiative will be "a voluntary scheme that aims to provide incentives for the agricultural and forestry sectors to minimise carbon emissions or maximise carbon sequestration by altering their forestry and agricultural practices".

The bill's stated objectives are:

Yes No Not passed by a small majority

How "voted very strongly against" is worked out

The MP's votes count towards a weighted average where the most important votes get 50 points, less important votes get 10 points, and less important votes for which the MP was absent get 2 points. In important votes the MP gets awarded the full 50 points for voting the same as the policy, 0 points for voting against the policy, and 25 points for not voting. In less important votes, the MP gets 10 points for voting with the policy, 0 points for voting against, and 1 (out of 2) if absent.

Then, the number gets converted to a simple english language phrase based on the range of values it's within.

No of votes Points Out of
Most important votes (50 points)      
MP voted with policy 0 0 0
MP voted against policy 2 0 100
MP absent 0 0 0
Less important votes (10 points)      
MP voted with policy 0 0 0
MP voted against policy 4 0 40
Less important absentees (2 points)      
MP absent* 0 0 0
Total: 0 140

*Pressure of other work means MPs or Senators are not always available to vote – it does not always indicate they have abstained. Therefore, being absent on a less important vote makes a disproportionatly small difference.

Agreement score = MP's points / total points = 0 / 140 = 0.0%.

And then